A closer look at key historic events that took place on June 19:
In 1987, an ETA car bomb kills 21 in Barcelona

A car bomb planted by the Basque separatist organization Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) at the Hipercor supermarket in Barcelona killed 21 people and injured 45. The attack, one of the deadliest in ETA’s history, provoked widespread condemnation and strengthened the Spanish government’s resolve to combat the terrorist organization.

In 1964, The U.S. Senate passes the Civil Rights Act of 1964
The landmark piece of legislation aimed to end segregation and discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. This Act, which was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on July 2, 1964, outlawed discriminatory practices in voter registration, public accommodations, and employment.
In 1963, the first woman to travel in space returns to Earth

Valentina Tereshkova safely returned to Earth after a historic mission aboard Vostok 6. She launched on June 16, 1963, and orbited the Earth 48 times over nearly three days. Tereshkova’s mission was a significant achievement for the Soviet space program and a major milestone in human space exploration.

In 1961, Great Britain recognizes Kuwait’s independence.

Great Britain officially recognized the independence of Kuwait, ending its status as a British protectorate. This recognition marked Kuwait’s emergence as a sovereign nation, allowing it to establish its own government and join the international community.

In 1953, the Rosenbergs are executed

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed in the United States after being convicted of espionage for allegedly passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union. Their case was highly controversial and remains a subject of debate, with many questioning the fairness of the proceedings and the extent of Ethel’s involvement. After the failure of court appeals and of a worldwide campaign for mercy, they became the first American civilians to be executed for this crime.

In 1910, the first Father’s Day was celebrated

The idea was proposed by Sonora Smart Dodd to honor her father, a Civil War veteran who raised six children as a single parent and was fist celebrated in Spokane, Washington. This celebration marked the beginning of what would become a nationwide and eventually international tradition to recognize and appreciate fathers and father figures.

– Don’t miss out on To Vima’s daily “On this Day in History” posts.